A Helpful Glossary of Aromatherapy Terms

How many times have you come across a description of a specific essential oil you are interested in only to find that the language used to describe its effects are just as foreign as its uses.
I’ve compiled a list that should help decipher any of those terms you should come across.

Enjoy!

Glossary of Aromatherapy Terms

ABORTIFACIENT: Induces childbirth or premature labor.

AEROPHAGY. An excess of air in the alimentary canal that is relieved through burping or flatulence.

ALTERATIVE: Gradually improves the nutritional state of the body.

ANALGESIC: Relieves or reduces pain.

ANAPHRODISIAC: Reduces sexual desire.

ANESTHETIC: Numbs the nerves and causes a loss of sensation.

ANTHELMINTIC: Expels or kills intestinal worms.

ANTIBACTERIAL: Kills bacteria.

ANTIDEPRESSANT: Reduces or prevents depression.

ANTIDIARRHOEIC: Relieves diarrhea.

ANTIDOTE: Counteracts a poison.

ANTIEMETIC: Counteracts nausea and stops vomiting.

ANTIFUNGAL: Kills fungal infections.

ANTIGALACTAGOGUE: Reduces the production of milk secretion of nursing mothers.

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY. Reduces inflammation.

ANTILITHIC: Prevents formation of stones or calculus.

ANTINEURALGIC: Stops nerve pain.

ANTIPHLOGISTIC: Counteracts, reduces, or prevents inflammation.

ANTIPRURITIC: Relieves or prevents itching.

ANTIPUTRID: Stops putrefaction.

ANTISCLEROTIC: Removes deposits from circulatory vessels.

ANTISCORBUTIC: Preventative for scurvy.

ANTISEPTIC: Inhibits the growth of and kills bacteria.

ANTISPASMODIC: Relieves or prevents spasms, cramps, and convulsions.

ANTISUDORIFIC: Reduces perspiration.

ANTITOXIC: Counteracts poisons.

ANTITUSSIVE: Relieves coughs.

ANTIVIRAL: Weakens or kills viruses.

APERIENT: A gentle purgative of the bowels.

APERITIF: Appitite stimulant.

APHRODISIAC: Arouses sexual desires.

BALSAMIC: Softens phlegm.

BRONCHODILATOR: Expands the spastic bronchial tube.

CALMATIVE: Mild sedative or tranquilizer.

CARDIAC: Stimulates or affects the heart.

CARDIOTONIC: Tones the heart muscle.

CARMINATIVE: Expels gas from the intestines.

CEPHALIC: Problems relating to the head.

CHOLAGOGUE: Increases the flow of bile.

CHOLERETIC: Stimulates the production of bile.

CICATRIZANT: Helps the formation of scar tissue; healing.

COAGULANT: Clots the blood.

CYTOPHYLACTIC: Protects the cells of the organism.

DECONGESTANT: Relieves congestion.

DEMULCENT: Soothes irritated tissue, particularly mucous membranes.

DEPURATIVE: Cleanses and purifies the blood and internal organs.

DETERSIVE: Detergent. Cleanses wounds and sores, and promotes the formation of scar tissue.

DIAPHORETIC: Causes perspiration.

DISINFECTANT: Kills infections and disease producing microorganisms.

DIURETIC: Increases the secretion and elimination of urine.

EMETIC: Induces vomiting.

EMMENAGOGUE: Promotes and regulates menstruation.

EMOLLIENT: Softens the skin, and soothes inflamed and irritated tissues.

ESTROGENIC: Similar to estrogen.

EUPHORIANT: Brings on an exaggerated sense of physical and emotional well-being.

EXPECTORANT: Promotes the discharge of mucous from the lungs and bronchial tubes.

FEBRIFUGE: Reduces or prevents fevers.

FIXATIVE: Holds the scent of a fragrance.

GALACTAGOGUE: Promotes or increases the secretion of milk in nursing mothers.

GERMICIDE: Kills germs.

HALLUCINOGEN: Induces hallucinations-an imagined or false sense of perception.

HEMOSTATIC: Stops hemorrhaging.

HEPATIC: That which acts on the liver.

HYPERTENSOR: Raises the blood pressure.

HYPNOTIC: Induces sleep.

HYPOTENSOR: Lowers the blood pressure.

INSECTICIDE: Kills insects.

LARVICIDE: Kills the larvae of insects.

LAXATIVE: Promotes the elimination from the bowels; a mild purgative.

NERVINE: Calming and soothing to the nervous system.

PARASITICIDE: Kills parasites.

PECTORAL: Affecting the respiratory system.

PURGATIVE: Promotes vigorous elimination from the bowels.

REGENERATOR: Promotes new growth or repair of structures or tissues.

REJUVENATOR: Assists in promoting a youthful appearance.

RELAXANT: Lessens or reduces tension, and produces relaxation.

RESOLVENT: Reduces swellings.

RESTORATIVE: Restores consciousness and/or normal physiological activity.

RUBEFACIENT: A local irritant that reddens the skin.

SEDATIVE: Calms anxiety and promotes drowsiness.

STIMULANT: Excites or quickens an activity in the body.

STOMACHIC: Strengthens, stimulates, and tones the stomach.

SUDORIFIC: Promotes or increases perspiration.

TONIC: Strengthens and revitalizes the body or specific organs.

TRANQUILIZER: Calms the nerves.

VASOCONSTRICTOR: Constricts the blood vessels.

VASODILATOR: Dilates the blood vessels.

VERMIFUGE: Expels intestinal worms.

VULNERARY: Assists healing of wounds and sores by external application

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What Are Essential Oils?

The term Essential Oil comes from the Latin word “essentia” meaning “essence” and are volatile, meaning
“to fly” because they are a liquid that quickly becomes gaseous.

Essential Oils are highly concentrated and potent oils extracted from plants, trees, shrubs, flowers and leaves or any other natural component.
Aromatherapy is the process of diffusing pure essential oils, and thus plant essences, which then are absorbed through inhalation and our sense of smell. Smell has an effect on our perceptions and how we react physically, emotionally, and mentally to our surroundings.

Various every day scents remind us of the seasons of the year, our location or situation, potential dangers or happy occasions. Essential oils may effect the physical, mental and emotional aspect of our lives.

Inhalation of essential oils may also effect the release of brain chemicals such as seratonin. Other essential oils have healing qualities when applied topically.

Essential oils are very expensive to produce, some more so than others, due to the labor intensive
process and the quantity of the plant required to produce the oil,
Approximately 400 kg of Thyme would produce 1 kg of essential oil ,
2000 kg of rose petals to make 1kg of Rose oil ,
6 tons of orange blossom to produce 1 kg of Neroli ,
and 4 million Jasmine flowers to produce 1 kg of Jasmine absolute.

Its no wonder some are so very costly.

History of Aromatherapy


HISTORY OF AROMATHERAPY

With origins dating back over 5000 years, Aromatherapy is truly one of the oldest methods of holistic healing.

In the Beginning:
Ancient man was dependent on his surroundings for everything from food, to shelter and clothing. Being so keenly aware of everything around him, and how it could be used for survival, he quickly discovered methods to preserve food and treat ailments through herbs and aromatics.
Aromatherapy, as it is practiced today, began with the Egyptians, who used the method of infusion to extract the oils from aromatic plants which were used for medicinal and cosmetic purposes as well as embalming.
At a similar time, ancient Chinese civilizations were also using some form of aromatics. Shen Nung’s herbal book (dating back to approximately 2700 BC) contains detailed information on over 300 plants and their uses.
SImilarly, the Chinese used aromatics in religious ceremonies, by burning woods and incense to show respect to their Gods – a tradition which is still practiced today. The use of aromatics in China was linked to other ancient therapies such as massage and acupressure.
Aromatherapy has also been used for many centuries in India. Ayurveda, the traditional medical system of India, uses dried and fresh herbs, as well as aromatic massage as important aspects of treatment.
The Greeks acquired most of their medical knowledge from the Egyptians and used it to further their own discoveries. They found that the fragrance of some flowers was stimulating while others had relaxing properties. The use of olive oil as the base oil absorbed the aroma from the herbs or flowers and the perfumed oil was then used for both cosmetic and medicinal purposes.
The Romans learned from the Greeks and became well known for scented baths followed by massage with aromatic oils. The popularity of aromatics led to the establishment of trade routes which allowed the Romans to import “exotic” oils and spices from distant lands such as India and Arabia.
With the decline of the Roman Empire, the use of aromatics faded and the knowledge of their use was virtually lost in Europe during the dark ages.

More History on AROMATHERAPY
The humble beginning of Aromatherapy, which literally means therapy of healing through the sense of smell.

Aromatherapy dates back thousands of years and has been used by most of the ancient civilizations. Most of the stories of ‘the medicine man’ were of professionals schooled in the use of essential oils.

The Chinese civilizations used some form of aromatics dating back to 2700 BC. These historical references contain detailed information on over 300 plants and their uses.
The Chinese also used aromatics in religious ceremonies, a tradition which is still practiced today. The Chinese were also involved in other ancient therapies such as massage and acupressure, hence the term eastern medicine.

Aromatherapy has also been used for many centuries in India. Ayurveda, the traditional medical system of India, uses dried and fresh herbs, as well as aromatic massage as important aspects of treatment.

In ancient Egypt, aromatherapy was a way of life. The essential oils of plants were used during religious rituals raising a higher consciousness or promoting a state of tranquility. Egyptians used the principles of this art in their cooking as well. Specific herbs aided in the digestive process, protected against infection and improving the immune system.

The Greeks acquired most of their medical knowledge from the Egyptians and used it to further their own discoveries. Hypocrites commonly known as the “Father of Medicine” was the first to study this scientifically. The Greeks found that some fragrances were stimulating while others had relaxing properties. Aromatherapy was used for both cosmetic and medicinal purposes.

The Romans learned from the Greeks and became well known for scented baths followed by massage with aromatic oils. With the decline of the Roman Empire, the use of aromatics faded and the knowledge of their use were virtually lost.

One of the few places where the tradition of Aromatherapy continued was in monasteries, where monks used plants from herbal gardens to produce infused oils, herbal teas and medicines. During the Middle Ages, it was discovered that certain aromatic derivatives helped to prevent the spread of infection.

The revival of the use of essential oils is credited to a Persian physician and philosopher known as Avicenna. The Persians initiated a method of extraction known as distillation, and study of the therapeutic use of plants once again became popular. The knowledge of distillation spread and the lost process was once again returned to Europe. By 1200 AD, essential oils were being produced in Germany and were based mainly on herbs and spices brought from Africa and the Far East.

When the conquistadors invaded South America, even more medicinal plants and aromatic oils were discovered, and the wide variety of medicinal plants found in Montezuma’s gardens provided a basis for many new and important remedies and treatments.

Throughout the northern continent, Native American Indians were using aromatic oils and producing their own herbal remedies, which were discovered when settlers began to make their way across the plains of the New World.

Although herbs and aromatics had been used in other world cultures for many centuries, it was not until the 19th century that scientists in Europe and Great Britain began researching the effects of essential oils on humans. It was French chemist, Rene Maurice Gattefosse who discovered the healing powers of lavender oil after burning his hand in his laboratory. He published a book on the anti-microbial effects of the oils in 1937 and the term “Aromatherapy” was born.

The discovery of Penicillin and creation of synthetic drugs has conditioned modern society to readily accept instant cures. In many medical circles, aromatherapy and holistics as a whole are considered “soft” sciences, because cures are less speedy and are difficult to prove scientifically. The proof of the effectiveness of aromatherapy lies in our ancestors, who survived throughout the ages in this hard world equipped with only a natural instincts.

During World War II, the French army surgeon Dr. Jean Valnet used essential oils as antiseptics. Later, Madame Marguerite Maury elevated aromatherapy as a holistic therapy. She started prescribing essential oils as remedy for her patients. She is also credited with the modern use of essential oils in massage. Aromatherapy works the best when used on the mind and body simultaneously.

Even after reading the history of aromatherapy many westerners remain skeptical of this science. Only after they consider the modern uses of aromatherapy do they say “Oh, I get it.”

Some of the more common and mainstream examples of aromatherapy include:

Mentholated vapor rub (to loosen congestion in the chest and breathing passages)
Spa treatments such as the use of Eucalyptus especially in a steam room
Perfumes, Colognes, deodorizers and room fresheners

What Is Aromatherapy?

What is Aromatherapy?

Aromatherapy is the science and art of using naturally extracted aromatic essences from Essential Oils which are highly concentrated and potent extracts in their purest, most condensed state from plants, trees, shrubs, flowers and leaves, seeds, resins, roots, bark, etc. They are like the life-force or life-blood of the plant. They can be extracted by steam distillation, cold pressed or CO2 extracted, they are the plant’s ‘soul’. Essential oils are used to balance the natural harmony in your body, and promote the health of the mind, body & spirit.
It is an art and science which seeks to explore the physiological and psychological and spiritual realm of the individual’s response to aromatic extracts to reduce stress and enhance the individuals healing process. As a holistic medicine, Aromatherapy is both a preventative and an active treatment during illness or disease.

Used for centuries, aromatherapy is known to have been utilized by the Egyptian physician, Imhotep; and Hippocrates. The first person to dub the term “aromatherapy, was French chemist, Rene-Mauric Gattefosse during the 1930s.

Aroma-generating oils are extracted from specific plants to be used therapeutically. Alcohol, oil or lotion is combined with these extracted oils to create the aromatherapy effect. Aromatherapy is when these formulated aromas are then massaged into the skin, inhaled through air disbursement, or poured into bath water for a soothing, calming effect.

Aromatherapy is also utilized for a wide variety of therapeutic treatments including physical and mental conditions, burns, infections, depression, sleep deprivation and high blood pressure.

Although there is little scientific evidence to support claims that aromatherapy is effective in the prevention or remedy of illness, aromatherapy supporters believe the oils encourage stress relief and self-healing. Persons with chronic illnesses or diseases should first consult their health professional before using aromatherapy as some side effects may occur.

Aromatherapy is used in massage, bodywork and other natural healing arts’ modalities; as well as in alternative instructional settings. Known for its aromatic healing abilities, aromatherapy is a natural way to compliment the body’s own self-healing capabilities.

Basics of Aromatherapy

Increasing numbers of people are attempting to return to a lifestyle that is purely holistic and complete, recognizing the importance of combining the mind, body, and spirit in equal measures to achieve optimum health and well-being.
Reputed to be very old, and literally used in almost all civilizations of the world, aromatherapy is one form of holistic healing that is easy to and flexible to be practiced in our daily lives.
Aromatherapy contains organic, natural, unadulterated aromatic extracts, called aromatic essential oils, which come from plant origins. These natural substances display a broad range of therapeutic effects and actions on the body. Many of these essential oils play an important role in our daily lives, each and every moment, and in all occasions. At least one daily consumable that is used by us contains one of these essentials, like many tooth pastes and mouth washes. There are even eatables like some baked goods that are made with essential oils. Aromatherapy, however, refers strictly to the use of essential oils and hydrosols for health purposes and body healing.
Aromatherapy is the art of using the fragrant essential oils derived from plants to treat ailments of the mind and body. The magnificent scent of these oils evokes a variety of different responses by stimulating the olfactory and other sensory organs, which are linked to the areas of the brain which control emotions. It means that these essential oils have a direct bearing on the human constitution, body and mind. A chain of chemical reactions, initiated by this invisible stimulation then takes place, effecting a physical or emotional change in the body.
Aromatherapy is an innovative way to improve the quality of life that incorporates all principles of body and mind. Aromatherapy has already become a part of our lives, although many of us have not associated the name with the actual experience. Each human being has an emotional response, both pleasant and unpleasant, some happy and others sad, to certain scents. So the idea behind aromatherapy is, initially, to find those scents and oils, unique but different for each individual, those evoke positive sensory feelings and emotions. The next step is to introduce those essentials into our daily life to enhance well-being. Natural scents and oils keep us connected to the earth, sparking memories and emotions. They also bring back forgotten memories, emotions and lost luster in our lives.
Pure essential oils are extracted from many parts of the plant (flower, leaf, resin, bark, root, twig, seed, berry, rind and rhizome) and the extracted oils are used to relax, replenish, balance and rejuvenate body, mind and spirit. Aromatherapy is both an art and a science that involves the basic constitution of our body. All these objectives are skillfully achieved by blending required parts of different oils and then creating a balmy complex that is used to create a heavenly experience.
How ever, the results of aromatherapy are very individual specific and vary from person to person. While experts display general agreement about the actions of certain oils, aromatherapy texts vary differently in their descriptions of the properties and characteristics of an essential oil. The basic fact is that no two persons in this world are influenced by the same aromatic oil in exactly the same way and manner. What is more, even the same person can be significantly affected differently by the same oil depending on surroundings, time or mood.
If you need to experience the real magic of these essential oils, you will have to use one of those applications in any part of daily life. Reactions to fragrances are highly individual and specific. Here is small guideline to help you try evaluating some aromas of essential oils:

As you inhale deeply an essential oil for the first time, try and describe the aroma:

* Is it sharp and stinging?
* Is it subtle and smooth
* Is it balanced and tuned?
* Is it light or heavy?
* Is it warming or cooling?
* Is it sweet, spicy, woody, floral, fruity, etc.?

These are some of the basic sensory feeling you can experience on inhaling aromatic oils. Now try and describe how you perceive the aroma:

* Do you like or dislike it?
* Do you associate the aroma with any of your previous personal experiences?
* What emotions do you have that are connected to these experiences? Is it possible to remember them?
* Does the aroma produce those emotions now? Is it repetitive?
* Does the aroma affect your awareness: does it rejuvenate, energize or relax?

Aromatherapy is a science that can not be comprehended so easily; the whole human race has tried to understand its undying mystery since time immemorial. However, its magical properties have always mesmerized us with a sense of awe and suspense.

Essential Aromatherapy
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Substitution Recipes

Have you ever wanted to make your favorite recipe and found you don’t have all the ingredients you need in the cupboard or refrigerator?

I’ve put together some substitution recipes for some common ingredients below.

Whipped Cream Substitute
Ingredients
1 Apple – grated
1 Egg white
2 To 3 Tbl. sugar
Instructions for Whipped Cream Substitute
Beat all together until light. This makes an excellent substitute for whipped cream. Courtesy of: Joann Pierce

Salt Substitute
Ingredients
5 ts Onion Powder
1 1/4 ts Thyme Crushed
2 1/2 ts Garlic Powder
1/2 ts White Pepper
2 1/2 ts Paprika
1/4 ts Celery Seed
2 1/2 ts Dry Mustard
Instructions for Salt Substitute
Combine Ingredients, Mix Thoroughly. Store in Shaker.

Oil Substitute
Ingredients
Arrowroot Powder
Water
Instructions for Oil Substitute
The best substitute for the oil seems to be a tablespoon of arrowroot mixed in a couple cups of water and boiled until it thickens to oil-like consistency.
(I got the “arrowroot for oil” substitution from Graham Kerr.) Bob Riemenschneider Fatfree Digest, Vol. 8, Issue 40, June 1, 1994. Formatted by Sue Smith, S.Smith34, TXFT40A@Prodigy.com using MMCONV. File ftp://ftp.idiscover.co.uk/pub/food/mealmaster/recipes/fatfreex.zip

Parmesan Cheese Non-Dairy Substitute
Ingredients
1/2 c Food yeast flakes
2 ts Garlic powder
1 ts Onion powder
1 tbs yeast
1/2 c Ground sesame seeds
3 ts Lemon juice
1 tbs Chicken-like seasoning
Instructions for Parmesan Cheese Non-Dairy Substitute
Blend all ingredients. Store in air tight container. ( Grind sesame seeds in blender. )
REC.FOOD.RECIPES ARCHIVES /EGGS From rec.food.cooking archives. Downloaded from Glens MM Recipe Archive, http://www.erols.com/hosey. From: arlen@eskimo.com (Arlen Fletcher) Date: Thu, 24 Feb 1994 17:29:50 GMT

Eagle Brand Milk Substitute
Ingredients
1 c Powdered Milk; PLUS:
2 tb Powdered Milk
1/2 c -Boiling water
3/4 c Sugar
Instructions for Eagle Brand Milk Substitute
Beat for 5 minutes and chill until ready to use in any recipe that calls for condensed milk. You can not tell the difference and it cost just pennies compared to the store, and made with low fat milk it has less fat content. From Geminis MASSIVE MealMaster collection at http://www.synapse.com/~gemini

Sweetened Condensed Milk Substitute
Ingredients
1 1/2 Cups Milk powder
2/3 c Sugar
1/2 c Whole or 2 percent milk
1 ts Vanilla extract
Instructions for Sweetened Condensed Milk Substitute
– To make fourteen ounces of sweetened condensed milk substitute, whisk one and one half cups of milk powder into a half cup of whole or 2 percent milk in a saucepan until it is very smooth, about one minutes. Then whisk in two-thirds cup of sugar and one teaspoon of vanilla extract, and cook over low heat, continuing to whisk constantly until the sugar and milk powder dissolve, about five minutes. Cool before using, then whisk again to be sure that no graininess remains. (This can be covered and refrigerated for up to one week). Use as you would sweetened condensed milk in any recipe.
Posted to MM-Recipes Digest V3 #289 Date: Mon, 21 Oct 1996 14:29:54 -0400 From: Martha Sheppard

Buttermilk Substitute
Ingredients
1 tablespoon lemon juice (or white vinegar)
1 cup milk
Instructions
Pour lemon juice or vinegar into a 1 or 2 cup measuring cup (preferably glass). Add enough milk to equal 1 cup. Let mixture stand for five minutes.
Use as Buttermilk in any recipe.

Egg Substitute
Ingredients
1 tb (heaping) soy flour
1 tb Water
Instructions for Egg Substitute
I have been using this egg substitute in baking for years — in fact, my non-vegetarian friends cant tell the difference between egg & egg-free. This equals 1 egg. Posted to fatfree digest V96 #289 Date: Sun, 20 Oct 1996 04:02:09 EDT From: judy.n.michael@juno.com (Judy M Gibson)
p.s. I’ve personally not tried this one yet, but it sounded like it would work.

Low-Fat Substitute for Heavy Cream
Ingredients
1/4 c 1% milk
1/4 c Evaporated skim milk
Instructions for Low-Fat Substitute for Heavy Cream
Recipe By : Glamour – June 1994 From: Date: 05/27 File ftp://ftp.idiscover.co.uk/pub/food/mealmaster/recipes/mmdja006.zip

Mascarpone Cheese Substitute
Ingredients
16 oz Cream cheese (2-8 oz.packages)
1/3 c Sour cream
2 oz (1/4 cup) whipping cream
Instructions for Mascarpone Cheese Substitute
Blend three ingredients well.Use as you would Mascarpone Cheese in any recipe.
File ftp://ftp.idiscover.co.uk/pub/food/mealmaster/recipes/mmkah001.zip

Cream Soup Substitute
Ingredients
1 tablespoon margarine
1/2 cup low-fat milk
3 tablespoon flour
Salt and pepper to taste
1/2 cup low sodium chicken broth
Instructions for Cream Soup Substitute
Make a basic cream sauce by melting margarine over moderate heat. Stir in flour; keep stirring until flour and margarine are combined and smooth. Remove from heat and add the chicken broth and milk, a little at a time, stirring to keep lump-free. Return to heat. Bring sauce to a gentle boil and cook, stirring constantly, until it thickens.

Taste and adjust seasonings. Can be varied by using vegetable broth, sauteed diced celery, celery seed, or sauteed diced mushrooms.

Bisquick Substitute
Ingredients
10 c Flour
1 1/2 tb Salt
3/8 c Baking powder
1/4 c Sugar
1 ts Cream of tartar
1 lb Crisco; (shortening)
1 1/4 c Powdered milk
Instructions for Bisquick Substitute
Mix all together and there you have it. (1 c mix to 1/4 c water makes about 4 biscuits…….450 F. for 10 minutes or so.)
Posted to TNT Recipes Digest, Vol 01, Nr 947 by “PJ Holtzman” on Jan 17, 1998

And…..
if you have kids that love to create with playdough, but don’t have any in site…..
here’s a recipe just for that….

Substitute Play Dough
Ingredients
1 c Flour Food coloring
1/2 c Salt
1/4 c Water
1/4 c Oil
Instructions for Substitute Play Dough
Heat and stir until it forms a ball. It will still feel slightly sticky. Cool and knead. Store in covered container. . Posted on GEnie by B.WESTFIELD [Chops], Jan 23, 1993 MM by Sylvia Steiger, GEnie THE.STEIGERS, CI$ 71511,2253, GT Cookbook echo moderator, net/node 004/005 Posted to MM-Recipes Digest V3 #294 Date: Sat, 26 Oct 1996 21:00:14 -0700 From: Tonya

Thanks for reading!

Handy Helpful Household Tips


Here’s some really great household tips I had in my email that I totally forgot about…….
they are all very handy indeed 🙂

Hope you find that they are as helpful for you!

GREAT TIPS:

1. Reheat Pizza
Heat up leftover pizza in a nonstick skillet on top of the stove, set heat to med-low and heat till warm. This keeps the crust crispy. No soggy micro pizza. I saw this on the cooking channel and it really works.

2. Easy Deviled Eggs
Put cooked egg yolks in a zip lock bag. Seal, mash till they are all broken up. Add remainder of ingredients, reseal, keep mashing it up mixing thoroughly, cut the tip of the baggy, squeeze mixture into egg. Just throw bag away when done easy clean up.

3. Expanding Frosting
When you buy a container of cake frosting from the store, whip it with your mixer for a few minutes. You can double it in size. You get to frost more cake/cupcakes with the same amount. You also eat less sugar and calories per serving.

4 Reheating refrigerated bread
To warm biscuits, pancakes, or muffins that were refrigerated, place them in a microwave with a cup of water. The increased moisture will keep the food moist and help it reheat faster.

5. Newspaper weeds away
Start putting in your plants, work the nutrients in your soil. Wet newspapers put layers around the plants overlapping as you go cover with mulch and forget about weeds. Weeds will get through some gardening plastic they will not get through wet newspapers.

6. Broken Glass
Use a wet cotton ball or Q-tip to pick up the small shards of glass you can’t see easily.

7. No More Mosquitoes
Place a dryer sheet in your pocket. It will keep the mosquitoes away.

8. Squirrel Away!
To keep squirrels from eating your plants sprinkle your plants with cayenne pepper. The cayenne pepper doesn’t hurt the plant and the squirrels won’t come near it.

9. Flexible vacuum
To get something out of a heat register or under the fridge add an empty paper towel roll or empty gift wrap roll to your vacuum. It can be bent or flattened to get in narrow openings.

10. Reducing Static Cling
Pin a small safety pin to the seam of your slip and you will not have a clingy skirt or dress. Same thing works with slacks that cling when wearing panty hose. Place pin in seam of slacks and * ta da! — static is gone.

11. Measuring Cups
Before you pour sticky substances into a measuring cup, fill with hot water. Dump out the hot water, but don’t dry cup. ext, add your ingredient, such as peanut butter, and watch how easily it comes right out.

12. Foggy Windshield?
Hate foggy windshields? Buy a chalkboard eraser and keep it in the glove box of your car. When the windows fog, rub with the eraser! Works better than a cloth!

13. Reopening envelope
If you seal an envelope and then realize you forgot to include something inside , just place your sealed envelope in the freezer for an hour or two. Viola! It unseals easily

14. Conditioner
Use your hair conditioner to shave your legs. It’s a lot cheaper than shaving cream and leaves your legs really smooth. It’s also a great way to use up the conditioner you bought but didn’t like when you tried it in your hair…

15. Goodbye Fruit Flies
To get rid of pesky fruit flies, take a small glass fill it 1/2″ with Apple Cider Vinegar and 2 drops of dish washing liquid, mix well. You will find those flies drawn to the cup and gone forever!

16. Get Rid of Ants
Put small piles of cornmeal where you see ants. They eat it, take it “home”, can’t digest it so it kills them. It may take a week or so, especially if it rains, but it works & you don’t have the worry about pets or small children being harmed!

17. INFO ABOUT CLOTHES DRYERS
The heating unit went out on my dryer! The gentleman that fixes things around the house for us told us that he wanted to show us something and he went over to the dryer and pulled out the lint filter. It was clean. (I always clean the lint from the filter after every load clothes.) He told us that he wanted to show us something; he took the filter over to the sink, ran hot water over it. The lint filter is made of a mesh material – I’m sure you know what your dryer’s lint filter looks like.WELL…the hot water just sat on top of the mesh! It didn’t go through it at all! He told us that dryer sheets cause a film over that mesh that’s what burns out the heating unit. You can’t SEE the film , but it’s there. It’s what is in the dryer sheets to make your clothes soft and static free – that nice fragrance too, you know ho w they can feel waxy when you take them out of the box, well this stuff builds up on your clothes and on your lint screen. This is also what causes dryer units to catch fire & potentially burn your house down with it!He said the best way to keep your dryer working for a very long time (& to keep your electric bill lower) is to take that filter out & wash it with hot soapy water & an old toothbrush (or other brush) at least every six months. He said that makes the life of the dryer at least twice as long!How about that? Learn something new ever y day! I certainly didn’t know dryer sheets would do that. So, I thought I’d share! Note: I went to my dryer & tested my screen by running water on it. The water ran through a little bit but mostly collected all the water in the mesh screen. I washed it with warm soapy water & a nylon brush & I had it done in 30 seconds. Then when I rinsed it the water ran right Thru the screen! There wasn’t any puddling at all! That repairman knew what he was talking about!