Can Candles Kill Bacteria?

University of South Hampton released this study and I found it quite interesting…

it seems certain essential oils CAN kill bacteria!

see more:

News release

Candle power wipes out bugs

Ref: 04/89

16 June 2004

In recent years the consumer market for candles has grown dramatically, as candles of all shapes, sizes, colours and fragrances have been used increasingly in homes and restaurants to create atmosphere and enhance mood.

Now two researchers at the University of Southampton have taken the potential uses of fragranced candles one step further, by demonstrating that they can also have valuable and effective bactericidal properties.

The researchers, Dr Lindsey Gaunt and Sabrina Higgins, have discovered that adding essential oils to the candle can destroy bacteria such as Escherichia Coli and Staphylococcus aureus on surfaces. Working with Professor John Hughes in the Bioelectrostatics Research Centre, Lindsey and Sabrina have been testing different essential oils, such as orange, thyme, and eucalyptus, which when dispersed into the air and combined with the ions produced in the candle flame, all have a powerful bactericidal effect.

Where candle use would not be appropriate, for example in a kitchen, the same bactericidal effect can be produced by using plug-in devices combining the appropriate essential oils and ions generated by an electrical discharge.

According to Lindsey Gaunt, the candles and electrical devices could be as effective as liquid disinfectants, together with the added benefit of being able to penetrate porous surfaces and fabrics in a room with very little personal effort.

This unique combination of essential oils and electrical ions has demonstrated a remarkably powerful bactericidal action, with up to nearly 100 per cent bacteria kill.

Lindsey Gaunt and Sabrina Higgins will be presenting the results of their research in Tokyo in November at the annual joint international conference of the Institute of Electrostatics Japan and the Electrostatics Society of America.

Notes for editors

  1. Dr Lindsey Gaunt has worked in the Bioelectrostatics Research Centre since 1995, and was involved in developing the SmartSeeker technology. She is a Research Fellow of the School of Electronics and Computer Science and is currently focusing on the electrostatic applications of aerosols in health and environmental use.
  2. Sabrina Higgins is researching in the Bioelectrostatics Research Centre, and has worked on pesticides and the electrostatic applications of powder pesticides. Her current research involves the bactericidal effects of essential oils.
  3. The Bioelectrostatics Research Centre was established in 1995, bringing together expertise in Biological Science and Electrostatics. Research programmes include aerosol technology and electrostatic applications in health care.
  4. The University of Southampton is a leading UK teaching and research institution with a global reputation for pioneering research and scholarship. The University has over 19,200 students and 4800 staff and plays an important role in the City of Southampton. Its annual turnover is in the region of #250 million.

Don’t Let Them Outlaw Natural Perfumes!

I found this on the Natural Perfumers Guild

website and thought it was important enough to share….

If you enjoy using/purchasing or making and selling natural perfumes, you should definitely read this:

And just to let you know…I will be participating in any way I can as well, so that means this blog and my site I’ll try to keep on top of this issue to help keep you informed.

Outlaw Perfume Project – A Natural Perfumers Guild Artistic Statement

Message from Guild President Anya McCoy:

Soon after I started blogging in 2006, I began to write of the incredibly restrictive and unreasonable “guidelines” of the International Fragrance Association, and the resultant laws from the European Union that effectively killed perfumery. True, they also ranked some synthetics as “dangerous” (brain disruptions), but the list of naturals, which had been used for centuries without major problems, was overwhelming. I rarely bother to blog about these issues anymore. I discovered I was the ONLY perfumer doing so at the time, and it cast a bit of a bitter pall over my blog. I’d rather be blogging about the beauty and luxury of naturals, so here I am. I passed the ball on to other bloggers!

Nine bloggers will be participating, and you can find their links at the end of this post. They’re all insightful, intelligent and passionate about perfumery. Their readership far outstrips mine, and the Outlaw Perfume project is a great way for them to spread the word about this abomination against natural aromatics. They also get to sample the gorgeous perfumes created by the Natural Perfumers Guild members (disclaimer: I’m the president of the Guild) and offer a giveaway of the Outlaw Perfume on their blogs.

I’ve always been someone who challenges authority. In the 60’s, I marched for civil rights, against the Vietnam War, and for women’s rights. This IFRA and EU-driven blacklisting agenda against naturals must stop. Readers, please remember that they’re stomping on *your* rights to choose what you put on or in your body. Anyone can use common sense and not put perfume on skin that is exposed to sunlight, so, there, the photo-sensitization problem of some of the citruses, angelica root, etc., solved 😉

Think you may be a bit sensitized to oakmoss? Wear the perfume in your hair, or on your clothing, or in a perfume jewelry piece. I’m taking photos of vinaigrettes and perfume lockets that I’ll share later this week. They’re a beautiful addition to a jewelry wardrobe, and serve a double purpose of gently releasing your perfume. It’s all about our choice, and not bowing down to nanny-state governments. How simple if a warning label, some perfume dabbed in your hair, or on your clothing, or in a piece of pretty jewelry solves this problem. Or, if you’re a daring outlaw like us natural perfumers – wear it on your skin!

Participating Perfumers:

Participating Bloggers: http://perfumeshrine.blogspot.com

Guild Perfumer’s Blogs:

We Welcome All Those Who Love Natural Fragrance

The Natural Perfumers Guild is dedicated to perfumes and all fragrance products that use botanical extracts and natural animal essences solely as their scent source. No synthetic aromatics are used in creating the perfumes, and no diethyl phtlate or other synthetic extenders are in any of our perfumes. We create and celebrate all fragrance products that use botanically-based aromatics, as we are artisans dedicated to the alchemy and hands-on methods of time-honored traditions or natural perfumery. These liquid beauties are sometimes also known as botanical perfumes. There are Guild members who do not use animal essences, only botanics in their perfumes, and they may call themselves botanial perfumers.

Natural perfumery an art as old as civilization and as new as the latest harvest of roses in Turkey, jasmine in Egypt and lemons in Florida. It connects us to the ancient temples of Egypt, the fragrant mosques of the Middle East, the native peoples of the Americas and the temples of India, China and the Far East. People have loved the scent of beautifully fragrant plant materials since time immemorial, and we are reviving that art with a 21st Century sensibility.

We gather natural plant extracts from around the world – and some from our own gardens – and craft perfumes, incenses, body balms, room fresheners and much more.

The Guild was founded by Mandy Aftel, author of Essence and Alchemy and the nose of Aftelier Perfumes, in 2003, and closed later that year. In 2006, ownership of the Guild was handed over to Anya McCoy, the perfumer of Anya’s Garden Perfumes. This move was made in recognition of Anya’s ability to manage and guide thousands of members on the Yahoo Natural Perfumery group. Anya forges the intent and direction of the Guild and strives to build this nascent art into a cultural and artistic force, most recently through the Mystery of Musk and Outlaw Perfume projects.

Built upon the goal of nurturing the art of natural perfumery through education, legislative efforts and networking among members, the Guild is an organization that welcomes all who love natural aromatics.

We’re a consortium of international perfumers, associates, suppliers and enthusiasts united on the Internet, and when lucky enough, we meet in person and share our stories and dreams of the future of natural perfumery.

The public is demanding a new paradigm in perfumery, one that gives them the option of obtaining quality perfumes made only with pure and natural aromatics and the Guild artisans meet that requirement and desire to create new, exciting fragrances free of synthetics.
See the rest of it here, and sign up for the Natural Perfumers Guild newsletter to keep informed.